Important General, Scientific and Evolutionary Terms

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Important General, Scientific and Evolutionary Terms

Post by Admin on Sun Apr 23, 2017 3:53 pm

Important Terms and Definitions that will be Used Throughout This Study..There will be more added, so make sure you keep coming back for updates.

1. Genome – The total or complete genetic structure of a species or gene pool.

2. Mutation – A mistake in the copying of the DNA...Brought About or Created by radiation or chemicals.

3. Recombination – Mixing of Genes in sexual or asexual reproduction

4. Gene – Sequence of amino acids in the double helix of DNA...Most commonly known as "The Stuff of Life"
Genetics-The study of heredity, or how the characteristics of living things are transmitted from one generation to the next

5. Allele – Variants of genes in the Genome that are for the same structure but express a difference in characteristics.. brown eyes vs. blue eyes.

6. Taxon – Category in classification such as species, phylum....(Rank)

7. Phylogeny – The Assumed evolutionary history or family tree of a species or other group.

8. Micro- Forming element meaning "small, microscopic; magnifying; one millionth

9. Macro-Forming element meaning "long, abnormally large, on a large scale

10. DNA- Deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.

11. Chromosomes-A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes.

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